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大衆文芸作法:直木 三十五(1-27)/1407


Popular literary practice


Naoki thirty five

  第一章 大衆文芸の定義

Chapter 1 Definition of Public Literature


It is difficult to give definite things when you are in an undeveloped state that has not yet been completed during the progress of things.


If we give definitions to popular literary art as it is to the present as it is currently progressing but not yet sufficiently developed in the process of development - even if it can be given , It seems that it will be unsatisfactory immediately.


Together, if we imagine the future, if things to be reckoned are popular literature, together with the present, we can not defuse a single definition with inclusion of the future.


Regarding that, it is necessary to look at the past roads that mass literature has advanced, both now and in the future.


I would like to start this lecture from that point.


At the moment the works such as those called by the name of popular literary artists and their writers have developed remarkably after the earthquake and the name of popular literary art has also been used since then.


Before the earthquake, there was no such tendency, but a novel that broke a mold like a conventional mold, slightly fingerprinted, "Nagasato Pass" (Miyazumi Newspaper) Shinji Kitaeda 's "Tsutsumi Kuzaki Sorain" (a magazine for the lecture), Shoji Koji's "The Divine Wu Koshi Soseburi" (Humanity Club), Jiro Daiboshi's "Kurama Tengu" (Pocket).


Naturally, at the present time, these writers have gained the fame of the first stream as a mass writer, but at that time, most people do not know them, of course in the reading class , Which had not been accepted by the general public.


After the earthquake, "Plague" came out from Plato Corporation, dismissed the talk articles, posted a new interesting center literature, and at the same time this new moment came a lot.


People related to the newspaper company gave such a work the name of a new lecture, and Bungeiharu autumn, people of the novel were called by the name of reading literature.


Among them, Koji Shirai speaks of the name of popular literary art, and at the same time that he gets headed, this name has become generalized and it will pass as it is today.


Speaking of the correctness of literature, the masses are words that pointed to monks, but before the earthquake, Kato Kazuo and others often said that the popular art, that is, the predecessor of the current proletarian art theory was screaming In order to avoid confusion with it, we used the word "mass" newer than the idiom "populace", that the people and the masses mean the multitude, that there is no difference There is no translation.


Therefore, I think that it is necessary to clarify what is different from the popular art that was first proposed by Kato Kazuo etc. before the disaster.


The popular art advocated at that time was that the "art of the people" advocated by Romain Laurent came into our country.


Their argument was that they had to make art for the people.


Those arts were either produced from the people themselves, or they could not be born out of the people, that it was the art written for the people.


That is, popular art that was once shouted by them and then developed and became today's proletarian artistic theory was purpose conscious.


The popular literature that we currently deal with is not a purposeful conscious one but a meaningful thing such as popular.


It may be the same in that event.


However, it has different starting points.


It is only a difference in the interpretation of such definitions.


That is, if we make a definition as it is, popular literature can be said to be a curiosity of the center of interest that emerged after the disaster, an era novel.


However, at the moment popular literature has passed somewhat that range, including detective novels as well as the literal character of the masses, progressing, including the works of all new and old, other than artists' novels, including art novels It is supposed to be like.


Although the name of a popular novel still remains, it is a thing pointing to a popular contemporary novel and popular literature also appears in the same newspaper, only the things of the new era, especially popular novels, It is called a newspaper novel, but this distinction is extremely ambiguous.