文学その3

『青空文庫』にある作品を『Google Translate』で英訳してみました。

俳諧大要:正岡 子規(482-527)/1360

夜景|綺麗なれば素人の劇賞する句なり。

Night view|If it is beautiful, it is a phrase to be awarded to an amateur.

この句わろしとにはあらねど素人の好くほどに善き句にあらず。

This phrase is not as good a phrase as an amateur would like.

(但し千代の朝顔の句、秋色の桜の句|抔に比すればこの句の高きこと数等なり)もし絶間といふ語を改めなば今一段の佳句ともなるべし。

(However, Chiyo's morning glory phrase, autumn-colored cherry blossom phrase | Higher numbers in this phrase compared to Shiori) If you change the word "Zuzen", it should be a good phrase.

一、   生娘の袖誰が引いて雉の声       也有

First, who pulls the sleeves of the raw daughter and the voice of the pheasant, Yaari

 雉はやさしき姿ながらおそろしき声を出すもの故、あたかもたはれ男に袖引かれたる生娘が覚えず高声を発したるにも似たりとなり。

 The pheasant is a gentle figure and makes a horrible voice, so it looks like a raw girl whose sleeve is pulled by a man who doesn't remember.

この句は生娘の声を雉に譬へたりとするも、または雉の声を生娘に譬へたりとするも妨げなし。

This phrase doesn't hurt to say that the voice of the raw daughter was to the pheasant, or to say the voice of the pheasant to the raw daughter.

一、   むつとして戻れば庭に柳かな      蓼太

One, Kana willow in the garden if you return as diapers Tateta

「むつとして帰れば門に青柳の」と端唄にも謡はれたれば世の人は善く知りたらん。

The people of the world would have to know well if Hauta sang a song saying, "If you go home as a diaper, you'll be back at the gate.

句意は余所で腹の立つ事ありてむつとしながら内に帰れば、庭に柳のおとなしく垂れたるを見て、この柳の如く風にもさからはず、ただ柔和にしてこそ世の中も渡るべけれと悟りたるなり。

The meaning of the phrase is irritating in other places, and when I go home while feeling disgusted, I see a gentle willow of a willow in the garden, and I shouldn't be in the wind like this willow. Be enlightened and be enlightened.

箇様な理想を含む故に端唄にもはひりたれど、俗気十分にして月並調の本色を現はせり。

Although it's a bit of a song because it contains various ideals, he is full of morals and reveals the true colors of the moon.

千代の朝顔の句よりもなほ厭な心地す。

It feels more comfortable than Chiyo's morning glory.

一、   妻にもと幾人思ふ花見かな       破笠

First, I wonder how many people would think of my wife to see the cherry blossoms.

 花見の中に交りて行けば美人が綺羅を着飾りて沢山出で来る故に、あのやうな女を我妻にしたい、このやうな娘も我妻にしたいと思ふといふことなり。

 If you go inside the cherry blossoms, a beautiful woman will come out in many clothes wearing Kira, so I want to make that nasty woman my wife, and I want to make this nasty daughter my wife too.

綺羅|雑沓して都会の花見の盛なるさまは裏面に現はれたり。

Kira | The crowded city's cherry blossom viewing is on the back.

一、   見ぐるしき馬にのりけり雲の峰     斗入

First, look around a horse and ride on a cloud cloud peak Dooiri

 雲の峰は夏季にして夏雲多奇峰の意なり。

The peak of clouds is the summer season, and it means the summer clouds.

この雲が出て来ると熱くなる故、雲の峰には夏の空の晴れて熱き心を言へるが例なり。

It is hot when this cloud comes out, so it is an example to say the hot and sunny heart of the summer sky at the cloud peak.

この句は旅人のから尻などに乗りて行く様を言ひしものなれば、綺麗な馬に非るは勿論なれど、特に見ぐるしきと言ふ上は通常のよりもよほど見ぐるしとの意なり。

As long as this phrase tells the traveler to ride on the hips, it is of course a beautiful horse, but it is said that it is a look around and it is a look around than usual. I mean.

けだし炎天に人を載せて歩むこと故、馬もいたく疲れて道はかどらず、毛は汗によごれて如何にも見苦しきさまを言へるなり。

The horses were so tired that they couldn't get on the way because they walked on the hot blazing sun.

一句吟じ畢れば炎天に人馬の疲労せしさま見るが如し。

If you squint in a phrase, you will see a human horse tired in the scorching sun.

一、初学の人道に進むはいづれの方向よりするも勝手なれども、普通の学生などの俳句をものするは多く漢語を用ゐ漢詩を応用する者を実際上多しとす。

First, although it is not always easy to go to the humanitarian course in the first school, it is practical for many students to use haiku, such as ordinary students, who use haiku and apply poetry.

例へば水村山郭酒旗風といふ杜牧の成句を取りてこれに秋季の景物を添へ

For example, take the phrase of Mizumura Yamakaku Sake Flag and Tofu Morimaki and add autumn scenery to it.

沙魚釣や水村山郭酒旗風        嵐雪

Sayo fishing and Mizumura Yamagaku Sake flag style Arashiyuki

 といふが如きこれにても俳句なり。

Even if this is tofufu, it is a haiku.

この辺より悟入するも可なり。

It is possible to enlighten from here.

また成句を用ゐざるもただ目前の景物を取りて一列に並べたるばかりにても俳句にならぬ事はあらじ。

In addition, even if you do not use the phrase, just taking the sights in front and lining them up in a line does not make it a haiku.

奈良|七重七堂|伽藍八重桜        芭蕉

Nara | Nanae Shichido | Gan Yaezakura Basho

藪寺や筍月夜時鳥           成美

Yabuji and bamboo shoot night time bird Narumi

浦山や有明霞遅桜           羽人

Urayama and Ariake Kasuro Sakura, Hato

 などの作例もあるなり。

There are also examples such as.

この三句の中にて成美の句|最佳なりとす。

Narumi's phrase among these three phrases |

一、和歌を学びたる人の俳句に入るは詩人の俳句に入るよりも難し。

First, it is more difficult to enter the haiku of a person who learns Waka than to enter the haiku of a poet.

これ和歌の性質の然るにあらずして今日普通の和歌と称する者の文学的ならざればなり。

This is not the nature of waka, but the literary aspects of those who call it ordinary waka today.

『万葉集』の歌は文学的に作為せしものに非れども、穉気ありて俗気なき処かへつて文学的なる者多し。

Although the songs in "Manyoshu" are not literary works, there are many people who are liberal and literary.

『新古今集』には間々佳篇あり。

In "Shinkokinshu", there is a good edition.

『金槐和歌集』には千古の絶唱十首ばかりあるべし。

There should be only ten ancient singers in the "Kanatsuki Wakashu".

徳川氏の末に至りては繊巧なる方のみやや文学的とはなれり。

At the end of Tokugawa, only delicate people are somewhat literary.

これらの歌より進む者は固より俳句に入り得べく、しかも詩人の俳句に入るよりも入りやすきこと論を俟たず。

Those who go beyond these songs should be able to enter haiku more firmly, and more easily enter the haiku than the poet.

されども『古今集』の如き言語ありて意匠なき歌より進み来らば俳道に入ること甚だ困難なるべし。

However, if you proceed from a song without a design that has a language like "Kokinshu", it will be very difficult to enter the haiku.

けだし俳句の上にては優長なる調子を容れず。

On Kedashi Haiku, he can't stand a prominent tone.

むしろ切迫なる方に傾くが故なり。

Rather, it leans toward the urgent one.

試みに俳句的の和歌を挙げなば

If you give a haiku-like poem to the trial,

ものゝふの矢なみつくろふこての上に霰たばしる那須の篠原  源 実朝

Nasu's Shinohara Gen Minamoto fluttering on a monster's arrow Tsurukuro trowel

 の如きを然りとす。

I like something like that.

この外『新古今』の「入日をあらふ沖つ白浪」「葉広かしはに霰ふるなり」など、または真淵の鷲の嵐、粟津の夕立の歌などの如きは和歌の尤物にして俳句にもなり得べき意匠なり。

In addition to this, "Shinkokin" "Shiranami Owaritsu Shiranami", "Hanahiro Kashihani Kasumi Furunaru", etc., or the storm of the Mabuchi eagle, the song of Awazu Yudachi, etc. It is also a design that should be a haiku.

一、前には初学者のために多少古句の解釈など試みたれど、そは標準とすべき者を挙げたるにはあらず。

First, I tried to interpret some old phrases for beginners, but I could not name the ones that should be the standard.